Atlantic Ocean, Notable crossings

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Summary

The Atlantic Ocean is the world's second largest ocean, behind the Pacific Ocean. With a total area of about ,"The New Encyclopædia Britannica", Volume 2, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1974. p. 294 it covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. The first part of its name refers to Atlas of Greek mythology, making the Atlantic the "Sea of Atlas".

Details

  • Around 980 – 982, Erik the Red discovered Greenland, geographically and geologically a part of the Americas.
  • Around 1010, Thorfinnr Karlsefni led an attempted Viking settlement in North America with 160 settlers, but was later driven off by the natives. His son Snorri Thorfinnsson was the first American born (somewhere between 1010 and 1013) to European (Icelandic) immigrant parents.
  • From 1415 to 1488, Portuguese navigators sailed along the Western African coast, reaching the Cape of Good Hope.
  • In 1524, [[Republic of Flore

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nce|Florentine]] explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, in the service of the King Francis I of France, discovered the United States of America's east coast.

  • In April 1563, Nicolas Barre and 20 other stranded Huguenots were the first to build a (crude) boat in the Americas and sail across the Atlantic. They sailed from Charlesfort, South Carolina to just off the coast of England where they were rescued by an English ship. Though they resorted to cannibalism, seven men survived the voyage, including Barre.
  • In 1764, William Harrison (the son of John Harrison) sailed aboard HMS Tartar, with the H-4 time piece. The voyage became the basis for the invention of the global system of Longitude.
  • On 15 April 1912 the RMS Titanic sank after hitting an iceberg with a loss of more than 1,500 lives.
  • On 7 May 1915 the RMS Lusitania was torpedoed En Route to Liverpool killing 1,198 passengers.
  • In 1919, the American NC-4 became the first seaplane to cross the Atlantic (though it made a couple of landings on islands and the sea along the way, and taxied several hundred miles).
  • In 1921, the British were the first to cross the North Atlantic in an airship.
  • In 1931, Bert Hinkler made the first solo non-stop transatlantic flight across the South Atlantic in an aircraft.
  • In 1932, Amelia Earhart became the first female to make a solo flight across the Atlantic from Harbour Grace, Newfoundland to Derry, Northern Ireland.
  • In 1952, Ann Davison was the first woman to single-handedly sail the Atlantic Ocean.
  • In 1965, Robert Manry crossed the Atlantic from the U.S. to England non-stop in a sailboat named "Tinkerbell". Several others also crossed the Atlantic in very small sailboats in the 1960s, none of them non-stop, though.
  • In 1969 and 1970 Thor Heyerdahl launched expeditions to cross the Atlantic in boats built from papyrus. He succeeded in crossing the Atlantic from Morocco to Barbados after a two-month voyage of 6,100 km with Ra II in 1970, thus conclusively proving that boats such as the Ra could have sailed with the Canary Current across the Atlantic in prehistoric times.
  • In 1994, Guy Delage was the first man to allegedly swim across the Atlantic Ocean (with the help of a kick board, from Cape Verde to Barbados).
  • In 1998, Benoît Lecomte was the first man to swim across the northern Atlantic Ocean without a kick board, stopping for only one week in the Azores.

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External Links

  • Wikipediawww.cartage.org.lb"Map of Atlantic Coast of North America from the Chesapeake Bay to Florida"

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