Digraph, Types

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Summary

A digraph or digram (from the dís, "double" and γράφω gráphō, "to write") is a pair of characters used to write one phoneme (distinct sound) or a sequence of phonemes that does not correspond to the normal values of the two characters combined. The sound is often, but not necessarily, one which cannot be expressed using a single character in the orthography used by the language. Usually, the term "digraph" is reserved for graphemes whose pronunciation is always or nearly always the same.

Details

Various patterns are discernible in the form of digraphs. In English, consonant digraphs tend largely to consist of some letter plus , or to be double letters. Doubling is a common digraph strategy in many orthographies.

Some scholars also describe a split digraph, which has a consonant in between two vowels.

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