Macedonian, Dialects

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Summary

Macedonian (, makedonski jazik, ) is a South Slavic language, spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia. It is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia and an official minority language in parts of Albania, Romania and Serbia.

Details

Based on a large group of features, Macedonian dialects can be divided into Eastern and Western groups (the boundary runs approximately from Skopje and Skopska Crna Gora along the rivers Vardar and Crna). In addition, a more detailed classification can be based on the modern reflexes of the Proto-Slavic reduced vowels (yers), vocalic sonorants, and the back nasal *. That classification distinguishes between the following 5 groups:

Western Dialects:

  • Ohrid-Prespa Group
  • Debar Group
  • Polog Group
  • Kostur-Korča Group

Eastern Dialects:

  • Northern Group
  • Eastern Group

The Ser-Drama-Lagadin-Nevrokop dialect and Maleševo-Pirin dialect are also considered Bulgarian dialects.

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External Links

  • WikipediaDictionary of three languagesZur Sprachlichen Beurtellung der Macedonischen slaven, Leonhard MasingZur Laut- und Akzentlehre der Macedonischen dialekte, Leonhard Masing

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