Macedonian, Grammar

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Summary

Macedonian (, makedonski jazik, ) is a South Slavic language, spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia and the Macedonian diaspora, with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia. It is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia and an official minority language in parts of Albania, Romania and Serbia.

Details

Macedonian grammar is markedly analytic in comparison with other Slavic languages, having lost the common Slavic case system. The Macedonian language shows some special and, in some cases, unique characteristics due to its central position in the Balkans. Literary Macedonian is the only South Slavic literary language that has three forms of the definite article, based on the degree of proximity to the speaker, and a perfect tense formed by means of an auxiliary verb "to have", followed by a past participle in the neuter, also known as verbal adjective.

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External Links

  • WikipediaDictionary of three languagesZur Sprachlichen Beurtellung der Macedonischen slaven, Leonhard MasingZur Laut- und Akzentlehre der Macedonischen dialekte, Leonhard Masing

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