South Carolina, Discovery and Exploration

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South Carolina is a state in the Southeastern United States. It is bordered to the north by North Carolina; to the south and west by Georgia, located across the Savannah River; and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. Originally part of the Province of Carolina, the Province of South Carolina became a slave society after rice and indigo became established as commodity crops, and from 1708, a majority of the population were slaves, many born in Africa. It was the first of the 13 colonies that declared independence from the British Crown during the American Revolution.


About 30 Tribes different from Native American lived in the region that is now South Carolina at the time of the arrival of the first European explorers to the region. Of these tribes, the most important were the Catawba (part of the group of Native American siouan), the Cherokee and Yamasee (Muskhogean). It is believed that the first humans to settle in the current South Carolina did about 15 thousand years ago.

The first browser European in sight and landed in the current South Carolina, was the Spanish Francisco Gordillo in 1521. Five years later, in 1526, another Spanish, Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon, founded the first European settlement in the territory that now constitutes United States. This settlement was named by Ayllon to San Miguel de Guadalupe and was founded with 600 expedition. San Miguel de Guadalupe would be abandoned the next year, 1527. The region of South Carolina would be claimed by the Spanish and the French over sixteenth century. The French made several attempts at colonization of the region, which failed because of the hostility of tribes Indian s local and because of the lack of provisions.

England claimed the current South Carolina at the beginning of seventeenth century. In 1629, King Charles I gave the southern Thirteen Colonies to Robert Heath. This colony included the regions that now constitute [[North


Carolina]], South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. Heath named this colony Carolana', a word Latin which means 'Land of Carlos'.

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External Links

  • WikipediaState of South Carolina government websiteSouth Carolina Department of Parks & TourismEnergy & Environmental Data for South CarolinaUSGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of South Carolina

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