Special-purpose districts, Civil office

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Summary

Special-purpose districts or special district governments in the United States are independent governmental units that exists separately from, and with substantial administrative and fiscal independence from, general purpose local governments such as county, municipal, and township governments. As defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, the term special district governments excludes school districts. In 2007, the U.S. had more than 39,000 special district governments.

Details

Special districts possess some form of civil office, that is, the board has received a delegation of sovereign power from the state. Some boards may be appointed by only landowners. Private entities may appoint some or all of the members of a special district; however, there must be evidence of civil office. In addition to special districts with privately appointed boards, a special district may have a privately founded board; however, such a board could not be given the power to set a tax.

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External Links

  • WikipediaA Citizen's Guide to Special Districts in CaliforniaCalifornia Special Districts AssociationU.S. Census BureauU.S. Census Bureau/Governments Organization/Volume 1Government Accounting Standards Board

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